The Spanish Civil War


The Spanish Civil War


Even in the year 2012, the Spanish Civil War provokes strong feelings among the majority of Spaniards. However, little has been done to shortened the breach between the "two Spains," considering that the fratricidal conflict was over more than seventy years ago. After the war, General Franco's authoritarian dictatorship demonized the defeated side for almost forty years. But when democracy was finally restored at the end of the 1970s, Spanish society could not find the tools or the will to close the unhealed wounds.

Collection Items

Alcázar de Toledo
Reconstruction. The site was used since the Roman era. The most significant renovation began around 1531. Damaged during the Succession War, and the War of Independence, it was virtually destroyed in 1936. Work to rebuild the palace started in 1940…

Battle of Madrid
Civil war era's gun-machine bunkers at Parque del Oeste in Madrid.

Parque de la memoria (Memory's Park)
Inaugurated May 10, 2008. Two civic associations proposed the regional government of Navarra to build a memorial to remember those Navarros killed by the rebels during the Spanish Civil War and later by the Francoist regime. Various sculptures…

Archivo General de la Guerra Civil (Civil War General Archives)
Built in 1715, it has had different uses until 1938. Since then, the building has housed documents from the Spanish Civil War, becoming part of the Archivo Histórico Nacional (Spanish National Archives) in 1979, suffering several…

Elevation 705
"La Lleva del 'Biberó' - 1941. A tots els que varen combatre a la batalla de l'Ebre." (The bottle's draft - 1941. To all who were fighting in the battle of Ebro). Monument remembering casualties during the Battle of Ebro.

Corbera d'Ebre (Old Town)
After the battle of Ebro, Corbera d'Ebre was left destroyed and left unrepaired. In recent years, Catalonia regional government decided to declare the old town of "cultural interest," and to use it as interpretation center of the Battle of Ebro.
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